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India National Flag

India National Flag

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Our India flags are produced in the traditional 2:1 ratio used for National flags in the UK so this flag will match others of the same size if you are flying several flags together. We use a MOD grade Knitted Polyester which has been tested for its durability and suitability for production of flags.

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Our flags are manufactured to the highest standards. We offer flags in a choice of two materials, Hand Made National Flags, and Digitally Printed National Flags

 

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History of the India National Flag

Where in the world?
Trivia
In India the term tricolour is only used for the national flag.
Technical Specifications
Adopted22nd July 1947
Proportion3:2
DesignAn orange-white-green horizontal tricolour with 24 spoke navy wheel at the centre.
Colours
PMSSaffron:1495CWhite:1CGreen:362CBlue:2755C
Brief History

The first flag flown in India was that of the Delhi Sultanate. The flag was a plain green field with a vertical black stripe representing Islam. In 1336 South India was controlled by the Sangama Dynasty and was named the Vijayanagara Empire. The flag was a yellow field with symbols including the moon, red sun, a dagger and black boar.

From 1505 to 1961 part of India was Portuguese India. The flag flown was the Portuguese and changed every time the national flag changed.  The first flag was a white flag with an ogival shaped shield at its centre, on top of the shield is royal crown.

Between 1518 and 1687 the Kingdom of Golconda was part of modern day India. It was controlled by the Qutb Shahi Dynasty and had a plain light green field as a flag.

In 1521 the shield of the Portuguese flag became more rounded and castles removed. From 1526 The Mughal Empire was based over large parts of the the Indian Subcontinent.  The flag flown in those parts was a triangular green flag with gold dots and a golden sun with rays.

A new crown and ogival shield was adopted to the Flag of Portuguese India in 1578 and in 1640 King John IV changed the shape of the shield.

The crown on the flag of Portuguese India changed to a popular five-arched crown in 1667. The same year the French East India Company was set up in India. The flag of French India was the white field with gold flur del lyse national French flag.

In 1674 The Marathas ended the rule of the Mughal Empire. The orange swallow-tailed flag of the Maratha Empire was adopted.

The King John V ‘French style’ shield with beret in the crown was added to the flag of Portuguese India in 1707.

The Sikh Confederacy and the Sikh Empire was also part of modern day India. Adopted in 1701 the flag was an orange triangle with the symbol of the sikh attached. In 1750 an ornate border was placed behind the shield of the Flag of Portuguese India.

In 1791 the Flag of French India was changed to the modern day blue-white-red tricolour. The King Peter II shield in front of an armillary sphere was placed on the flag of Portuguese India in 1816.

The Queen Maria flag of Portuguese India was adopted in 1830. It featured the King John V shield and crown of over a blue and white bicolour flag. The alternative flag was the flag flown at sea and features a smaller blue stripe.

Britain took control of India in 1858 and the Union Flag became the official state flag of British India.

In 1880 an unofficial land flag was created to represent British India. It features a British Red Ensign with the Star of India centre right.

After the Portuguese Monarchy was overthrown a new Portuguese flag of India was adopted in 1911. It was a green-red bicolour flag with new coat of arms featuring an uncrowned shield where the colours meet.

The Flag of India was adopted in 1947 when the country became a republic free from British control. It is an orange-white-green tricolour made of Khadi hand-spun cloth with a 24 spoke wheel at the centre.  The national flag is also the standard of the President of India.

The Coat of Arms of India

The emblem of India was adopted in 1950 and features four Asiatic lions, the fourth is unseen, on a circular base depicting the 24 spoke wheel, bull and horse. Below is a motto stating “TRUTH ALONE TRIUMPHS”.

The State and Civil Ensigns of India

The Civil Ensign of India is the merchant flag and features a red ensign with national flag in the top left corner. The State Ensign is the maritime flag which is a British Blue Ensign with national flag in the top left corner and anchor in the centre right.

The Flags of the Indian Army

The flag of the Indian Army is a red ensign with national flag top left and crossed swords with emblem of India centre right. The flag of the Chief of Army Staff has four stars on the right hand side.

The Flags of the Indian Air Force

The flag of the Indian Air Force is a blue ensign with national flag top left and the roundel of the air force centre right. The flag of the chief of staff has the emblem of the air force above the roundel. The flag of the Marshall of the Indian Air Force features a blue field with the emblem at the centre and five gold stars on the right side.

The Flags of the Indian Navy

The Ensign of the Indian Navy is a white field and a red cross with the national flag top left and the emblem of India at the centre. The ensign of the Admiral, Vice Admiral and Rear Admiral feature a red cross on a white field with 24 spoke navy wheel. The Vice Admiral features a red dot top left, Rear Admiral top and bottom left. The ensign of the Commodore is a swallow-tailed flag that features a red cross on a white field with 24 spoke navy wheel and top left corner.

The flag of the Indian Coast Guard is a blue ensign with the national flag top left and the emblem of the Indian Coast Guard centre right. The flag of the Additional Director of the Indian Coast Guard is a blue field with emblem and three gold stars. The Flag of the Inspector General of the Indian Coast Guard is a blue field with emblem and two gold stars.

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