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Spain Flag

Spain Flag

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Our digitally printed Spain flags are made to a high quality, durable knitted polyester. Manufactured to the Flag Institute approved design, by us here in the UK. Each flag is hand finished with a double sewn hem for durability, and a headband, rope and toggle suitable for attachment to any standard flagpole.

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Our flags are manufactured to the highest standards. We offer flags in a choice of two materials, Hand Made National Flags, and Digitally Printed National Flags

 

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Brochure

Brochure

Spain Flag

History of the Spain Flag

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History of the Spain Flag

Where in the world?
Trivia
The Spanish flag, along with 6 other nations flags, flies over the state of Texas in the United States of America.
Technical Specifications
Adopted1978
Proportion2:3
DesignA yellow flag with two red stripes running horizontally, at the top and bottom, with 1/4 thickness. The coat of arms is shown in the middle, a third of the way from the left.
ColoursPMS: Red: 1805 C, Yellow: 123 C
CMYK: Red: 24% Cyan, 100% Magenta, 100% Yellow, 19% Black; Yellow: 0% Cyan, 25% Magenta, 99% Yellow, 0% Black
Brief History

In 1469, the Catholic Monarchs of Castile and Aragon were joined by marriage which the Kingdom of Spain. The heraldic symbols of these two Iberian realms were combined: the castle and lion of Castile, and the red-and-yellow stripes of Aragon.

In the first years of the 16th Century, Joanna of Castile had married Archduke Philip of Austria. This was a political marriage, intended to deter French incursions. After Joanna was declared insane Philip took Spain on a path of alignment with his father’s Habsburg heritage. The Cross of Burgundy was adopted as the royal standard in honour of Philip’s mother who had come from the Burgandy dynasty. Flags representing the nation generally had white backgrounds, royal flags with yellow.

The Cross of Burgundy went on to represent Spain for the entire 17th Century, and much of the 18th. It was combined with the arms of royalty in the 18th Century, with two major variants.

Philip III also commissioned the design of a naval flag which could be recognised from a good distance at sea, against the predominantly white flags of most contemporary naval powers. The flags came in a striking yellow and red design, notable for the dominant middle stripe.

The rise and fall of Napoleon and the anti-monarchal ideals took their effect on Spain. Queen Isabella II was forced to abdicate in 1870 and was replaced by an Italian-born, Amadeo I. Before even three full years had passed, King Amadeo famously declared Spain to be ‘ungovernable’ and abdicated. What followed was almost two years of a First Spanish Republic. The only difference to the flag was the removal of the crown.

A royalist coup d’etat brought Alfonso XII to the throne and the old flag was crowned again. The monarchy carried on uninterrupted until the beginning of the 20th Century when there was a resurgence of socialist ideology.

Communist, socialist, republican and anarchist uprisings reached a critical level by 1923 and the Spanish military imposed martial law. In 1931 the electoral victory of republican candidates prompted King Alfonso XIII to leave, and the Second Spanish Republic came into being. The new red-yellow-murry colour was to symbolize that every Spaniard would be represented. However due to the unusual colour they allowed the lower band to also be violet, purple or lilac, depending on the dyes available.

The tricolour pattern is a typical republican convention, of French innovation. A civil ensign existed concurrently without the coat of arms.

This wasn’t the end of Spain’s social strife. For the rest of the 1930s, the country was wrecked by civil war between an authoritarian fascist coup-in-progress on one side, and a Soviet-backed communist / socialist regime on the other. By the end of 1939, the military coup succeeded, and its leader Francisco Franco would be dictator-for-life. The flag featured the new Coat of Arms of Spain featuring the Saint John eagle.

Franco had arranged to be succeeded upon his death by the Bourbon Spanish monarchy, to resume its centuries-long reign over the country. He died in 1975, and King Juan Carlos I of Spain came to power. In 1977, the national flag was altered slightly to play down its authoritarian overtones; the bird’s wings are relaxed, and the motto is lifted above its head.

But just a year later, with the approval of the newly appointed monarch, the national flag of Spain was purged of symbols altogether. In 1981, a new coat of arms was incorporated into the state flag.

Other Spanish Flags in Use

There are many other flags currently in use for different purposes. A lot of the time feature the red-yellow-red of the Civil Flag of Spain but feature a different emblem.

The High Civil Authorities Flag, which is also the Spanish Presidential Flag, features the ‘Escudo de España’ Coat of Arms and is square.

The Yacht Ensign features a blue crown in the centre of the yellow strip. It is mostly used for private sports and leisure boats. The Customs Service Ensign features two-crowned “H”.

The flag used by the Spanish Armed Forces is a more squared version of the state flag charged with the name of the unit.

The Spanish naval jack is a square flag made up of four quarters.

The first being a gold tower with black mortar on a red background with blue entrance and windows.

The seconding is a red lion with a gold crown. This is different from the one on the national flag.

The third is four vertical lines on a gold background and the fourth is gold chains on a red background with a green centre.

The Royal Standard of Spain

The Royal standard of Spain is the official flag of the King of Spain and is usually flown at the King’s official residence and displayed on his official cars.

More Information

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